Trends in US Population Assistance

Since 1965, Congress has appropriated money in the foreign assistance bill for population assistance to developing countries to advance the U.S. foreign policy goals of promoting sustainable development and health in these countries. These monies support family planning and related reproductive health services through programs administered by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and, in some years, through direct contributions to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Such programs directly benefit tens of millions of couples each year, improving both maternal and child health and contributing to slower population growth rates.

The level of funding has varied over the years. But when measured in constant 1974 dollars, funding levels have remained largely stagnant since the 1970s. ( see below for table)

 

 U.S. Population Assistance, 1965-present (in millions of dollars)

Fiscal year Bilateral Programs (USAID)  U.S. Contribution to UNFPA Total U.S. Assistance Constant 1974 Dollars
1965-67 10.5 10.5 15.5
1968 34.8 (0.5) 34.8 49.3
1969 45.4 (2.5) 45.4 61
1970 74.6 (4) 74.6 94.8
1971 95.9 (14) 95.9 116.7
1972 123.3 (29) 123.3 145.4
1973 125.6 (9) 125.6 139.5
1974 112.4 (18) 112.4 112.4
1975 110 (20) 110 100.8
1976 135.5 (20) 135.5 117.4
1977 144.3 (29.4) 144.3 117.4
1978 166.5 (28) 166.5 125.9
1979 191.4 (30) 191.4 130
1980 195 (32) 195 116.7
1981 208.4 (35) 208.4 113
1982 237.8 (33.8) 237.8 121.5
1983 243.1 (33.8) 243.1 120.3
1984 264.2 (38) 264.2 125.4
1985 317.7 (36) 317.7 145.6
1986 295.5 (0) 295.5 132.9
1987 286.6 (0) 286.6 124.4
1988 248.1 (0) 248.1 103.4
1989 257.6 (0) 257.6 102.4
1990 287.1 (0) 287.1 108.3
1991 352.3 (0) 352.3 127.5
1992 325.6 (0) 325.6 114.4
1993 447.8 14.5 462.3 157.7
1994 480.2 40 520.2 173.1
1995 541.6 35 576.6 186.5
1996 432 22.8 454.8 142.9
1997 385 25 410 125.9
1998 385 20 405 122.5
1999 385 0 385 113.9
2000 372.5 21.5 394 112.8
2001 425 21.5 446.5 124.3
2002 446.5 0 446.5 122.4
2003 446.5 0 446.5 120.2
2004 429.5# 0 463.5* 121.0
2005 437.3# 0 474.3* 119.7
2006 435.6# 0 458.1* 112.0
2007 (est.) 435.6# 0 458.1 108.9
2008 457.3# 0 464.2 106.3
2009 495.0 50.0 545.0 126.0
2010 593.5 55 648.5 146.6