Policy & Issue Briefs


Family Planning – A Crucial Intervention for HIV-positive Women

May 1, 2007

Each year, over 600,000 children around the world are infected with HIV through mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT), totaling 2.3 million children living with HIV or AIDS today.1 The majority of these infections is occurring in sub-Saharan Africa and are acquired from mothers during … Continue reading »


Family Planning: The Smartest Investment We Can Make

April 2, 2012

Funding for international family planning and reproductive health is a proven and cost-effective way to meet a broad range of international development goals. Increased access to contraception for women in developing countries is critical to improving maternal and newborn health, … Continue reading »


Fewer or More? The Real Story of Global Population

April 2, 2007

The phrase “population crisis” once roused fears of uncontrollable growth in human numbers. However, now that many societies have improved women’s status and increased access to family planning, some analysts argue that if there is a population crisis it is … Continue reading »


Funding Common Ground Report Summary

April 1, 2010

Suzanna Dennis and Clive Mutunga 2010 is a pivotal time to build financial support for international reproductive health, including family planning and maternal health. Despite a global financial crisis, donors are mobilizing around the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially around … Continue reading »


Gender-Based Violence: A Threat to Women’s Reproductive Health

January 10, 2014

Gender-based violence (GBV) knows no boundaries. It cuts across societies, classes, races, religions and ethnicities, affecting an estimated one in three women in the course of her lifetime. While some acts of GBV have garnered public attention, such as armed … Continue reading »


How Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Services is Key to the MDGs

September 1, 2005

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) offer precise targets for reducing poverty and promoting global development, but they remain incomplete if they do not build from and incorporate the objectives of other major international agreements, particularly those reached at the International … Continue reading »


How Demographic Transition Reduces Countries’ Vulnerability to Civil Conflict

December 1, 2003

During the last three decades of the 20th century, demographic transition — a population’s shift from high to low rates of birth and death — was associated with continuous declines in the vulnerability of countries to civil conflicts (ethnic wars, … Continue reading »


How Donor Countries Fall Short of Meeting Reproductive Health

December 1, 2004

At the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994, the international community pledged to share the costs of reproductive health care in developing countries, estimated at US$18.5 billion annually by the year 2005. Donor nations committed to provide … Continue reading »


How Family Planning and Reproductive Health Services Affect the Lives of Women, Men, and Children

February 1, 2001

There are vast disparities in sexual and reproductive health and risks between rich and poor countries of the world. The past century witnessed dramatic improvements in what we now call “reproductive health,” especially in the more developed countries. There, near-universal … Continue reading »


How Family Planning Protects the Health of Women and Children

May 1, 2006

Family planning dramatically improves the health and chances of survival of both women and their children. At the same time, when parents are more confident their children will survive, they are more likely to have fewer children and plan the … Continue reading »