Policy & Issue Briefs


How Population Growth Affects Hunger in the Developing World

August 1, 2005

More than 850 million people worldwide are classified as undernourished, many of whom suffer from chronic hunger (also known as food insecurity). Rapid population growth is intensifying food insecurity in parts of the developing world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where … Continue reading »


How Reproductive Health Services and Supplies Are Key to HIV/AIDS Prevention

June 1, 2004

Sexual and reproductive health services, including family planning, are among the most important elements of the global effort to contain the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Through a well-established infrastructure, they help provide the supplies, education and information that are known to be … Continue reading »


How Reproductive Health Services Work to Reduce Poverty

April 1, 2004

Reproductive illnesses and unintended pregnancies undermine economic development by weakening and killing adults in the prime of their working lives, by disrupting and cutting short the lives of their children, and by placing heavy financial and social burdens on families. … Continue reading »


How Shifts To Smaller Family Sizes Contributed To The Asian Miracle

July 3, 2006

Economists credit declining fertility, from the mid-1960s to the early 1990s, as a major contributor to sustained economic growth among the Asian Tigers—the economically vibrant nations of South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia and the former Hong Kong Territory. … Continue reading »


How the Global Gag Rule Undermines U.S. Foreign Policy and Harms Women’s Health

June 30, 2010

Family planning opponents in the U.S. Congress and White House have long sought to place burdensome restrictions on U.S. family planning and reproductive health assistance. One such restriction is the Mexico City Policy, known to its opponents as the Global … Continue reading »


How the HIV/AIDS Pandemic Threatens Global Security

June 1, 2004

Continued high rates of AIDS-related illness and death in some of the world’s poorest countries could impose unprecedented changes in their population age structures, stunt their economic development and retard their demographic transition—the change from a population characterized by short … Continue reading »


Integrated Population, Health and Environment: More Than the Sum of Its Parts

February 26, 2014

What is PHE? Population, Health and Environment (PHE) is an integrated community-based approach to development. PHE projects acknowledge and address the complex connections between families, their health, and their environment. Learn more by downloading PAI’s PHE brief. Why integrate PHE? People … Continue reading »


Mapping Population and Climate Change

October 3, 2011

This updated guide to Population Action International’s mapping website shows how climate change and population dynamics will change the world over time. High rates of population growth and climate change consequences overlap in many countries. Interactive maps illustrate how climate … Continue reading »


Maternal Health Supplies in Uganda and Bangladesh

June 3, 2010

For women living in many developing countries, having a child can be dangerous. Lack of financing, poor infrastructure, and broken supply chains mean that women are often unable to get basic supplies that ensure a healthy pregnancy and safe delivery—despite … Continue reading »


Meeting the Development and Health Needs of 215 Million Women: U.S. International Family Planning Goals

April 1, 2010

U.S. international family planning assistance is one of the great success stories in the history of U.S. development assistance. In 2007, 56.5 million women in the developing world were using modern contraception as a direct result of U.S. support.2 Many … Continue reading »