Topic » Population Trends and Demography
In 2011, the world’s population will surpass 7 billion. While the rate of population growth has slowed in most parts of the world, we still increase by nearly 80 million people every year—the equivalent of adding another U.S. to the world every four years. The number of people on the planet has doubled since 1960, and if current growth rates continue, the world’s population would hit 11 billion by 2050. Common estimates of a 9 billion plateau for world population rest of questionable assumptions about falling fertility rates and the availability of contraception. Currently, 215 million women around the world want to avoid pregnancy but need contraception.
Most countries in the developing world have high fertility rates and are getting younger; some developed countries have low fertility rates and are aging. Research has shown that demographics can have a significant impact on countries’ stability, governance, economic development and the well-being of its people. PAI believes that the future of population growth will be shaped by actions we take today, including providing access to family planning.
The demographic dividend is the economic growth that may result from changes to a country’s age structure. The shifts in age structure are driven by a transition from people living short lives and having large families to living long lives … Continue reading
by Leiwen Jiang and Karen Hardee Summary Strong evidence exists showing that demographic change is closely associated with greenhouse gas emissions, and that population dynamics will play a key role in attempts to mitigate and adapt to the effects of … Continue reading
Smaller Population Size in the New UN Population Projection Depends on Expanded Access to Family Planning
The Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs released the 21st round of its official global population projection, the 2008 Revision, on March 11, 2009. The 2008 Revision suggests that under a medium variant assumption, … Continue reading
Carrie Epps is PAI’s Fall 2008 Communications Intern. In addition to Tod’s post from last month, it’s not only world leaders, governmental officials, scientists, and scholars that are talking about population. This Pearls Before Swine comic, printed in more than … Continue reading
Karen Hardee and Elizabeth Leahy Since 2001, the geopolitical significance of Pakistan has become increasingly clear to the world, as has the country’s instability. Throughout this decade, Pakistan has suffered from growing strife, including, in the last year, the assassination … Continue reading
Several PAI staff attended the U.S. Global Leadership Campaign annual Tribute Dinner yesterday evening, where Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates was honored for his “leadership in support of the U.S. International Affairs Budget.” Surprisingly, in his remarks, Secretary Gates mentioned … Continue reading
Here in lush, tranquil Arusha, Tanzania, a boisterous chorus of roosters greets you far too early in the morning as if to announce, “Welcome to the 5th African Population Conference!” Team PAI is here amidst the vast coffee and tea … Continue reading
PAI’s recent study, The Shape of Things to Come: Why Age Structure Matters to a Safer, More Equitable World, was a hot topic in Washington last week when it drew a panel of experts to the Woodrow Wilson International Center … Continue reading
Data & Maps
The Shape of Things to Come Interactive Database brings the findings of this landmark publication to life. With just a few mouse clicks you can compare population profiles of up to three countries at a time, view world age structure … Continue reading
Updated Report available: The Shape of Things to Come: The Effects of Age Structure on Development By Elizabeth Leahy with Robert Engelman, Carolyn Gibb Vogel, Sarah Haddock and Tod Preston What follows is the result of more than two years of … Continue reading
Investments in reproductive health programs and services can make countries “healthier”—more secure and peaceful, more democratic, and better able to provide for the needs of their citizens, according to a seminal new report from PAI. The Shape of Things to … Continue reading