Topic » Security and Governance

Countries that lack the means to provide for basic needs of their people face greater risk of instability and conflict. When limited access to family planning contributes to high fertility, it creates a high percentage of young people with fewer economic opportunities. While there is not a direct causal relationship between age structure and conflict, eighty percent of all outbreaks of civil conflict between 1970 and 1999 occurred in countries in which at least 60 percent of the population was under the age of 30.

PAI identifies links between demographics and security to highlight strategies for governments and global institutions to combat poverty, ensure growing nations develop sustainably, and create a more stable world. PAI believes programs that promote demographic transition — such as family planning, girls’ education, maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment—must be an integral part of development assistance.

Reset

Policy Brief

10 Things You Should Know About Family Planning and the Demographic Dividend

November 12, 2013

The demographic dividend is the economic growth that may result from changes to a country’s age structure. The shifts in age structure are driven by a transition from people living short lives and having large families to living long lives … Continue reading »

Downloads

Policy Brief

Why Population Matters to Security

January 15, 2013

Demographic trends influence political stability and security. Over the past several decades, countries in which at least 60 percent of the population is younger than 30 have been more likely to experience outbreaks of conflict than countries with a more … Continue reading »

Downloads

Policy Brief

Why Population Matters to Food Security

February 16, 2012

Almost one in seven people around the world are chronically hungry, lacking enough food to be healthy and lead active lives. This is despite the fact that enough food exists for all of the world’s people. Agricultural policies, the prices … Continue reading »

Downloads

Post

Food Security for 7 Billion

November 1, 2011

This week, the birth of a baby somewhere took the world population past the 7 billion mark. That’s something to celebrate. Few thought the world could sustain that many people, ever – yet here we are.

Continue reading »

Report

Why Population Matters

October 31, 2011

Why Population Matters, a new publication, explains how population is connected to other development issues such as maternal health, poverty, security and climate change. Continue reading »

Downloads

Post

The Demographics of Revolt

February 1, 2011

Originally posted on the Huffington Post In explaining the uprisings in the Middle East this past month, commentators have discussed demography almost as much as democracy. And though most focused on the number of young people in the streets from … Continue reading »

Policy Brief

The Shape of Things to Come: The Effects of Age Structure on Development

April 2, 2010

Update of The Shape of Things to Come (2007): The Shape of Things to Come – Why Age Structure Matters To A Safer, More Equitable World Today, the world has the largest generation of young people in history, with 3.6 billion … Continue reading »

Downloads

Report

The Effects of a Very Young Age Structure in Yemen: A Country Case Study

April 1, 2010

Elizabeth Leahy Madsen Yemen has broken into the global political scene, with periodic terrorist attacks against foreign targets and its location as a base for al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula highlighting the country’s geopolitical significance. Yemen has the most youthful … Continue reading »

Downloads

Report

The Effects of a Very Young Age Structure on Haiti: A Country Case Study

April 1, 2010

by Beatrice Daumerie and Karen Hardee The devastating earthquake that struck Haiti in early January 2010 adds to the string of misfortunes in a country used to fighting adversity. Political instability and repeated natural disasters have compounded a failure to … Continue reading »

Downloads

Post

Pakistan’s Demographic Challenge Is Not Just Economic

November 16, 2009

Originally published in The New Security Beat In a meeting with business leaders in Lahore in late October, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton pointedly warned of the potential economic impacts of Pakistan’s rapidly growing population: “There has to be…in … Continue reading »